Fourteen adult white grunt, Haemulon plumieri, were intermittently tracked, principally around dusk and dawn, using acoustic telemetry. Nine fish were tracked. The White Grunt, Haemulon plumieri. Illustration by Diana Rome Peebles Courtesy of Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Division of. including the tornIate, Hacinulon aurolineatwn, and the white grunt. H. plumieri, are among the most abundant fishes on reefs, live-bottom shelf areas, and in a.

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Habitat The white grunt is commonly found from the shoreline to the outer reef edge to depths of 80 feet 24 m and occasionally offshore over hard bottoms to depths of feet 35 m. In addition, Moe Junior in Florida also mentions the presence of mature females in May and June without occurrence however in July, indicating predominance of reproductive activity in spring northern hemisphere.

Studies have shown white grunt growth rates are most rapid during the first 30 days of life when average daily growth is.

Haemulon plumierii, White grunt : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

The following other wikis use this file: They have been hadmulon in confrontations, open mouths pressed together, pushing against each other for dominance. The maximum haeemulon length is 18 inches Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref.

The average monthly growth rate of adults is 1. Haemulidae in Northeastern Brazil. Age and growth of white grunt Haemulon plumieri: The white grunt is also collected for public aquarium displays. Hameulon total of specimens of H.

This image was originally posted to Flickr by jsj at https: Material and Methods Specimens of H. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The spinous dorsal fin is chalky to yellowish-white, the soft dorsal, soft anal, and caudal fins are brownish gray. As in the distribution of maturational stages, there was no clear seasonal variation.


These juveniles organize into schools according to size. A similar result was also found by Darcy on the bank of Campeche, where mature individuals were more abundant in April and May. Although the hadmulon diet of this fish largely consists of shrimp, they also feed upon annelids, crustaceans, and bivalves. Views View Edit History. Order — Perciformes Family — Haemulidae Genus — Haemulon Species — plumieri Common Names English language common names are haaemulon grunt, black grunt, boar grunt, common grunt, flannelmouth grunt, gray grunt, grunt, Key West grunt, redmouth grunt, ruby red lips, and white snapper.

A historic Florida dish, “Grits and Grunts”, is traditionally prepared with H. Molecular phylogeny of grunts Teleostei, Haemulidaewith an emphasis on the ecology, evolution, and speciation history of New World species.

Adobe Photoshop CS2 Macintosh. It feeds on shrimp, other crustaceans, annelids and mollusks, and is preyed on by larger piscivores such as haemupon and shark.

Human uses

The white grunt is commonly found from the shoreline to the outer reef edge to depths of 80 feet 24 m and occasionally offshore over hard bottoms to depths of feet 35 m.

Frequency of males white bar and females black bar of H. Differences in age and growth of white grunt plumjeri North Carolina and South Carolina compared with southeast Florida.

Billings and Munro when studying reef fishes in the Caribbean, found a predominance of females of H. Side of head has narrow blue stripes; scales above lateral line much larger than those below Ref.

The relationship between the plumierri of individuals able plumierj reproduce by length class indicate olumieri females mature with lengths inferior to those of males, with L 50 values size at 1 st maturity equal to Sign our Guest Book.

Morphometric and sex ratios A total of specimens of H. Reproductive biology of the squirrelfish, Holocentrus adscensionis Osbeck,caught off the coast of Pernambuco, Brazil. Haemulidae from Margarita Island, Venezuela. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong.


White grunts commonly reach lengths of 17 inches 45 cm.

It is not known whether this is courtship or territorial behavior. Short description Morphology Morphometrics Dorsal spines total: The gonadal indices coupled with the distribution of maturational stages suggest that females reproduce almost all year round with more activity between March and May.

Studies of the sexual development and spawning of yellowfin tuna Neothunnus macropterus and skipjack Katsuwonus pelamis in the three areas of the Eastern Pacific Ocean, by examination of gonads.

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Lacepede, a French naturalist.

Predators Snappers, groupers, lizardfishes, spanish mackerel, sharks and other large piscivores feed on the white grunt. Parasites Monogean, digean, acanthocephalan, nematode, and cestode parasites have all been found associated with the white grunt. Cestode larvae have been observed in the bladder and nematodes in the gut mesentary and ovaries of this fish. Month distribution of females and males of H.

Although a change in the fecundity value found by several authors was observed, it is worth remarking that H. Tese de Doutorado em Ecologia e Recursos Naturais. This concern is relevant, and, for this reason, we emphasize the importance of microscopic analysis for comparison. Although usually served as a panfish, some are large enough to provide small fillets.

Caribbean Coral Reef Fishery Resources. The identification of sex was made after microscopic examination of the gonads, based on the germ cells observed. A review of scales, patterns and processes.

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