EDWARD AZAR THEORY OF PROTRACTED SOCIAL CONFLICT PDF
unification of the two Yemeni Republics in in relation to Edward Azar‟s theory of Protracted Social Conflict. The study verifies Azar‟s. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict. The Management of Protracted Social Conflicts: Theory and Cases. Front Cover. Edward E. Azar. Dartmouth Peace and conflict studies: an introduction.
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Rothman developed a unique approach of conflict resolution that is specifically designed to mitigate protracted social conflict. After parties have articulated their animosities, the next stage is termed the reflexive—reframing stage where the “why” and “who” of the issue is examined. To overcome this division of society, national identity must be stressed over individual group identity.
Journal of Peace Research 38 3— Views Read Edit View history. He terms this approach the ARIA model. To alleviate the “underdevelopments” Azar holds responsible for protracted social violence, and in turn overcome the conflict resulting from underdevelopment, Azar points to the needs of security, development, political access and identity in terms of azaf and religious expression.
The majority of Tamils live in northern and eastern provinces and claim them as their traditional homeland. Abstract The complexity of the conflict in Rwanda has called for the application of various theories, suggestions and recommendations to the situation by various scholars and researchers in an attempt for conflict resolution. The structure of the government needs to be changed so that all citizens are equally cared for and equally represented without bias or corruption.
Azar states that protracted social conflicts can be characterized by “incompetent, parochial, fragile, and authoritarian governments that fail to satisfy basic human needs.
The resultant disconnection of society and the state can be linked to the colonial legacy, which, “artificially imposed European ideas of territorial statehood onto a multitude of communal groups. The war, that has continued since then, has almost completely disrupted civil administration in the northern province and caused economic devastation of the whole country. This results in the domination of certain identity groups over others.
Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia
At this point, actors begin to see where their identities converge, and where they diverge. In contrast to the model of interactive conflict resolution ICR that Fisher proposed inwhich includes identity as one of many human needs, sofial ARIA model “keeps its focus more narrowly attuned to identity issues in particular.
Therefore, to be effective, a conflict resolution framework must specifically emphasize the needs and identities of the conflicting parties. Azar notes, “that it is the relationship between identity groups and the states, which is at the core of the problem. Their tactics, proscribed as terrorist by many countries, are ruthless, brutal and highly efficient in eliminating their opposition. The dominant group isolates itself from the needs of other groups, leading to an even bigger separation between groups even within an ethnicity.
Later voluntary regrouping of population resulted in another 10, Greek Cypriots leaving the northern part, and 40, Turkish Cypriots moving to the north, which created two homogeneous ethnic zones on the island. Ocnflict page was last edited on 23 Septemberat The fourth and final prottracted of the ARIA model addresses the “why” and “who” of the conflict, as well as the “how” of cooperation through the tangible “what” of solutions.
Metadata Show full item record. The major conflict began with the independence inwhen Greek community wanted a union enosis with Greece, to which the Turkish community opposed. Conflict resolution can truly occur and last if satisfactory amelioration of underdevelopment occurs as well. All articles ewdard dead external links Articles with dead external links from April Articles with permanently dead external links Wikipedia introduction cleanup from September All pages needing cleanup Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from September All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify.
These cleavages are characterized by continuing hostility protratced sporadic outbreaks of violence; and caused by the frustration of human needs for security, recognition, and distributive justice. In the Ceasefire pprotracted was signed, and the government agreed to disarm all theody groups in the north and east.
Protracted social conflict
From the research made, it has been found that Rwanda offers ample evidence to be referred to as a protracted social conflict. The division in changed the demographics of Cyprus edwward, putting it in a position where federalist model would be the most appropriate. When a group’s identity is threatened or frustrated, intractable conflict is almost inevitable.