Beta thalassemias are a group of inherited blood disorders. They are forms of thalassemia .. to remove the excess iron. Transmission is autosomal recessive; however, dominant mutations and compound heterozygotes have been reported. Thalassemias are inherited blood disorders characterized by abnormal hemoglobin production. The severity of alpha and beta thalassemia depends on how many of the four genes for alpha globin or two genes for beta globin are missing. Beta thalassemia syndromes are a group of hereditary disorders characterized by a genetic deficiency in the synthesis of beta-globin chains. In the homozygous .

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Afterwards, affected individuals are at risk of developing severe complications related to posttransfusional iron overload, depending on their compliance with chelation therapy.

Cord blood transplantation from heta related donor offers a good probability of a successful cure and is associated with a low risk for graft-vs-host disease.

The following section deals with genetic risk assessment and the use of family history and genetic testing to clarify genetic status for family members. They used restriction enzyme digestion of the amplified DNA to confirm beat identity of the fragment.

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Evaluation of relatives at risk: Thalassemia International Foundation; Beta gene screening identifies the most common and some uncommon heteozygote, but heterozygotf all mutations. They are at risk for the cardiac and endocrine complications of hemosiderosis, but usually at an older age than chronically transfused children.


The phenotype can also occur in children who have a mutation that increases production of c-globin, in children who have co-inherited alpha thalassemia and beta thalassemia, and in other rarer mutations.

Classes of pathogenic variants:. These hematologic features can be accentuated in women with trait who are pregnant and in individuals who are folate or iron deficient.

What is Thalassemia?

Shiite Muslims followed closely with 13 mutations, whereas Maronites represented To gain insight into the cellular and structural alterations of thalassemic bone, Mahachoklertwattana et al. Hepcidin deficiency is associated with ineffective erythropoiesis. The following should be included in the investigations when deciding whom to transfuse:. Diseases of red blood cells D50—69,74— A screening policy exists in Cyprus to reduce the rate of thalassemia, which, since the program’s implementation in the s which also includes prenatal screening and abortionhas reduced the number of children born with the disease from one of every births to almost zero.

Overview on practices in thalassemia intermedia management aiming for lowering complication rates across a region of endemicity: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: Iron deficiency causes decreased hemoglobin production, and folate or vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to megaloblastic anemia with increased Hgb A2. See Molecular Genetics for information on allelic variants detected in this gene.


Beta thalassemias are due to mutations in the HBB gene on chromosome 11, [24] also inherited in an autosomal, recessive fashion.


Hemoglobin E HbEwhich is a thalassemic structural thalassemir characterized by the presence of an abnormal structure as well as thalasseemie defect, should be included in this group.

Fanconi anemia Diamond—Blackfan anemia Acquired: See Management, Evaluation of Relatives at Risk for information on evaluating at-risk relatives for the purpose of early diagnosis and treatment. Treating hemoglobinopathies using gene correction approaches: Most patients had growth retardation and delayed bone age. Treatment depends on the type and severity.

Beta thalassemia

Malay, E, and Knossos. GeneReviews is not responsible for the information provided by other organizations. There is no evidence from randomized controlled trial to support zinc supplementation in thalassemia. The oral chelator deferasirox was approved for use in in some countries, [37] [38] it offers some hope with compliance at a higher cost.

Archived from the original on 26 August An increase in hemoglobin concentration occurred.

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