“There is power in looking,” as bell hooks proposes in her essay, “The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators.” Hooks primarily aims at critical. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Bell Hooks and others published The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators }. The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators. A look at the article by bell hooks. Presentation by Russell Brun. Purpose. To gain a critical look at black.

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This article may be confusing or unclear to readers. But some of those performative accomplishments claim the place of nature or claim the place of symbolic necessity Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy.

However, The Oppositional Gaze: All of this to say that not only did Bell Hooks radically influence constructions of identity in film, but she continues to hookx as a motivating force for progressive social and political change. A Testimony to Muzil: Mulvey’s criticisms present exclusionary perspectives which remale the white female body as a totalizing categorization of all women.

In the film Mignon and Esther share a gaze that reveal different aspects specyators society and how black people are allowed to be displayed.

The description of a television screen as a private experience is also interesting, since we often think of media as a very collective thing—produced by many tge, very public—and often viewing it is a collective experience, as in a movie theater, which can change the experience.

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Oppositional gaze – Wikipedia

This concept leads hooks to ask, “Are we really to imagine that feminist theorists writing only about images of white women I agree with bell hooks that there is a problem with in the film critic world with black female voices.

New York UP, This article has no associated abstract. Stanford University, 10 Aug. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nancy Boucher – unknown.


The narrative of these four friends provides other representations of black women. When we spectwtors our being be consumed- when we allow that image on the screen that is not us but pretends to be- go on unchallenged, even within ones own mind, then the relationship will always be one of unequal power and the representations on screen will never change.

Black Independent Film – Spring 2014, Bryn Mawr

Please help us clarify the ippositional. And I wonder, is that the point that awareness turns into politicization? It is critical to note that even in this realm, the concerns around gender relations reinforce an imaginative moment of phallocentric power femals black men, a power not disseminated toward black women.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Reflections and Refutations by Paula Murphy.

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Nancy Potter – – Social Philosophy Today October Learn how and when to remove this template message. The oppositional gaze serves as “a gesture of resistance” to not only the male gaze but also toward the oppression of minorities through cinema by the all-inclusive gendering of woman. Bell Hooks, a pen name for Gloria Jean Watkins, is an influential author, activist, and feminist.

In “The Oppositional Gaze: While their gazes, the ways in which Dash allows her characters to look, work to deconstruct the cultural spaces that have been set aside for Black womanhood, it is my belief that the act of looking in the films goes against the way that hooks sets up the oppositional gaze.

This “blank stare” through a body of alterity reiterates bell hooks definition of the oppositional gaze.

The oppositional gaze : Black female spectators

Thus, to break out of the circle of the Innenwelt into the Umwelt generates the inexhaustible quadrature of the ego’s verifications”. Olympia, although defiant as gazing prostitute, remains as a unitary sign of the female body in the West.


Jan Masschelein – – Ethics and Education 5 1: By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. History of Western Philosophy. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. This is a power structure that was replicated and reproduced from slavery to social and family dynamics.

Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas Kellner. It is a work of feminist film theorywhich criticizes the male gaze through Michel Foucault ‘s ‘relations of power’. One problem is the lack of these critical voices. However, according to hooks, the creation of independent black cinema did not actually help the situation of black women.

Politicization is the step after awarness when the black female spectator decides to make a change. An everyday black woman spectator who watches a mainstream film is really the victim of a white-dominated cinema that not only negates but also continually ignores her presence.

This site uses cookies. She was not us”. No keywords specified fix it. I also think that part of activism is continuing to advocate for individual rights even in times of adversity.

I recognize the importance in creating a vocabulary, and I think creating a unified one will be difficult. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. It is a confrontation, a refusal to be broken down into parts that can be easily consumed.

Michel Foucault insists that there is the possibility of resistance to domination and therefore an oppositional gaze exists.

This femmale was last edited on 23 Octoberat Joanne Rendell – – Journal of Medical Humanities 25 1: Judith Butler theorizes the feminine gaze as “a pervasive heterosexism in feminist theory”. Black Female Spectators, analyzes the politics of the gaze as it affects black women in film.

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